Vision and Hearing

The Critical Years 

Young children do not really know how they are supposed to see or hear. Consequently, they may not complain about faulty vision or hearing.  Unable to rely on signals from the child, parents must depend on regular examinations to be certain that no problem exists or is developing. 

Adequate vision and hearing are paramount to educational performance.  Impaired vision and/or hearing in children can seriously impede learning and contribute to the development of educational, emotional and behavioral problems.  Early childhood screenings can prevent children from unnecessarily losing their sight or hearing. 

Your child will be participating in screenings conducted by trained vision and hearing technicians at preschool.  Children whose test results meet referral criteria are referred to an eye doctor or family physician for further evaluation.

It is important to remember that this screening not be considered a substitute for regular examinations by a physician.


Hearing Screening

The hearing screening performed using a calibrated pure tone audiometer.  Tones/sound are presented through headphones.  When the child hears the tone/sound they will be instructed to raise their hand or click a button to alert the screener that they have heard the sound. 

Vision Screening

Vision screening is performed using an age appropriate vision screening instrument called an HOTV.  The HOTV box has a screen with the letters H O T and V on it.  The screener highlights a letter and the child points to the corresponding letter of the card before them.  An occluder (cardboard patch) is used to cover their eye.  This screening is for eye muscle imbalance and clearness of vision.


How can I tell if my child may have a hearing problem?

  • Does your child have a history of earaches or drainage from the ears?
  • Does your child want the television or radio louder?
  • Does your child often as you or others to repeat questions?

How can I tell if my child may have a vision problem?
  • Does your child squint or tilt their head to see?
  • When your child is ill or tired, do the eyes appear crossed or does one eye wander when looking at an object?
  • Does your child move hesitantly or walk close to the wall?

If you answered YES to any of these questions, contact the Vision and Hearing Program at Morgan County Health Department or your physician to schedule and appointment. 
217.245.5111 #47